From Sandusky to Sayreville: Locker Room Bullying and the Culture of Violence

“Take a little boy and a little girl. A little boy falls down and the first thing we say as parents is ‘Get up, shake it off. You’ll be OK. Don’t cry.’ When a little girl falls down, what do we say? ‘It’s going to be OK.’ We validate their feelings. So right there from that moment, we’re teaching our men to mask their feelings, don’t show their emotions. And it’s that times 100 with football players. You can’t show that you’re hurt, you can’t show any pain. So for a guy to come into the locker room and he shows a little vulnerability, that’s a problem. That’s what I mean by the culture of the NFL. And that’s what we have to change.”

This is what Bears receiver Brandon Marshall said last year when Jonathan Martin of the Dolphins went public about harassment by fellow teammates Richie Incognito, John Jerry and Mike Pouncey. Racial epithets, homophobic language and sexual insults against Martin’s mother and sister were the routine of his locker room experience till he finally quit the team unable to bear the continuous onslaught of his teammates. “I hate going in everyday” he messaged a friend.

The story is that Miami Dolphins coaches asked Richie Incognito to toughen up teammate Jonathan Martin, the Sun Sentinel newspaper of Fort Lauderdale reports.  And when Martin quit the team, some of his teammates felt it was not an appropriate masculine response and that he should have countered aggression with more aggression. They also spoke up in defense of Incognito. “We joke with each other. You can’t have thin skin around here,” defensive tackle Randy Starks said. “We’re trying to clear Richie’s name. He’s getting a bad rap.”  The “misunderstood” Richie continued to draw a salary during his suspension till he was finally let go by the Dolphins.

The culture of aggression and violence spills over to the players’ personal lives.  Hot on the heels of the Incognito/Martin mess, came the fiance-beating episode involving  Ray Rice of the Baltimore Ravens.  He reportedly punched his fiance (Janay Palmer) in an elevator till she slumped unconscious to the floor, and then dragged her limp body half out of the elevator and left her there. However, when the police came, they arrested both Ray Rice and his fiance apparently because she had tried to swat him earlier which precipitated the whole incident.  A former prosecutor, Christopher Mallos said, “We always caution police officers not to make dual arrests. It’s a big mistake, because it’s their job to determine who is the predominant aggressor. And that predominant aggressor analysis is so important for the first responders to do. It’s difficult to do after the fact, it’s difficult for prosecutors to do. But if someone is the victim of a crime, if someone’s a victim of battering, ongoing, systematic abuse and control, and now they’re beaten again and they use violence against their abuser, and they are turned into a defendant in a criminal case, that’s almost like using the criminal justice system to re-victimize that victim. It should never happen.”  A day after the arrest the couple got married–no doubt to protect Ray Rice from legal troubles.  A footnote–Ray Rice is involved with “A Ray of Hope: A Pro-Kindness, Anti-Bullying, Teen Suicide Prevention Outreach.”

No locker room scandal compilation is complete without the mention of Jerry Sandusky, assistant coach at Penn State, who molested 10 boys over a 15-year period. The locker room showers cannot ever wash away the filth of the man’s actions.  This place afforded the man the privacy and the authority to traumatize these boys. “Fall 2000: A janitor sees Sandusky in the showers performing oral sex on a young boy identified as Victim 8. The janitor tells co-workers and his supervisor, but the incident is not reported to authorities at the time.February 2001: A graduate assistant, later identified as Mike McQueary, reports seeing Sandusky rape a boy of about 10 years old in the shower of the campus football locker room.” Where did he find these boys?  Through a charity for troubled children that he founded called The Second Mile.

Joe Paterno, the coach at Penn State, was fired (following an investigation conducted by an independent panel commissioned by Penn State) for covering up Sandusky’s sexual abuse to protect the football program at Penn State.  The N.C.A.A.  also imposed penalties on the university and the football program, including a $60 million fine, a loss of scholarships and a four-year postseason ban. When Paterno was fired, the Penn State student population was outraged.  They went berserk destroying property and clashing with the police–a knee jerk reaction, if you will, to answer violence with more violence.

Recently, in Sayreville NJ, 7 teenagers were charged in connection with sexual assault on freshmen in a hazing scandal that forced the school to drop the football program for the rest of the season. CBS reports, “A freshman football player would be pinned to the locker-room floor, his arms and feet held down by multiple upperclassmen. Then, the victim would be lifted to his feet while a finger was forced into his rectum. Sometimes, the same finger was then shoved into the freshman player’s mouth.” “It’s sickening,” a parent told NJ Advance Media. “Just think if my son or somebody else’s son wanted to leave and they either felt overwhelmed by it, [or felt] they couldn’t leave because there was somebody at the door. It’s like being in a bad dream.”

When the scandal first broke out there was stunned disbelief.   “People in the football program are the ones who are getting bullied,” wrote junior Anthony Porcaro, a 6-foot-3, 255-pound lineman and one of the school’s top college prospects, in a tweet “They have no proof of this incident. Why? BECAUSE IT DIDN’T HAPPEN!” His anger began Monday as simple sadness and disbelief. “I’m really about to cry,” he wrote in one message. “I can’t go to sleep over everything that’s happened,” he added in another. “The board has no right to mess up multiple kids futures over one kids rumor,” he continued. “My future depends on this program.”

The rant of this player reveals all too starkly the lack of compassion endemic to the football, indeed, the entire sports culture.  It seems to breed competition, violence, selfishness, lust for fame and greed. Maybe we can live with most of it, but violence is inexcusable.  What makes boys of 15-17 behave in this way?  How do they even think up such methods of torture?  Sayreville Schools Superintendent, Richard Labbe, acknowledged that more information is needed, but “it seems highly unlikely that a group of rogue seniors suddenly concocted these attacks on their own, with no history of hazing in the program to serve as a catalyst.”  Why do they think and act so aggressive? What kind of upbringing do they have?  Is it so important for the parents that their children become tough, violent and popular?

I’ve seen parents cheering at school games and Little Leagues.  Often they yell at the kids, yell at the coach and fight with other parents while getting into the “spirit” of the game, cussing everyone out. I’ve seen red-faced kids on the verge of tears, being told to be strong and to shape up. The root of the violent behavior is right there–in that parent whose only priority is to alter his child’s personality and twist it.  The child , in turn, walks all over the well-being of other people to claim a prize that is worth nothing if he has to wreck a few lives to get it.  However, that is not how the public sees it. They do not connect the dots, the cause and the effect.  To them the sport is entertainment. There is money, there are endorsements and there are sponsors.  And the winner should take all. The children learn that at a very early age.  That athletic entitlement  comes with a feeling of superiority over those who cannot qualify for the team.  They are popular, they get the girls and the glory. But they need that adulation every single day like a sugar fix.  The pride comes not from just being the best but from forcing others acknowledge it. So sometimes they behave badly and get away with it.  The high school bullies are the young Incognitos, Rices, and Sanduskys of the world.

The victims pay twice.  They are victimized once by the bullies and victimized once again when their cry for help is ignored. The coaches in that school should all be fired–if they weren’t aware of this bullying they should have been and if they knew and didn’t help that is even worse. Football program should be cancelled till a better system of supervision is in place.  Instead of mourning the death of football like the senior Sayreville athlete did, I would kiss the gridiron in relief that my children will be safe from more ugliness.


Sexist Foot in the Mouth–Satya Nadella

Back in December 2001, Cathy Newman wrote this in the National Geographic. “Although Silicon Valley ranked high in interracial trust and diversity of friendships, it landed near the bottom in civic engagement, charitable giving, volunteering, and civic leadership—and in sense of community as well.”  Since then philanthropy has been given a boost, but it seems civic engagement and leadership have continued to be well buried under all that instability and the dog-eat-dog, male-dominated world of the hi-tech industry.  Giants such as Microsoft employ only 29% women in their global workforce and 61% are white. Oops, looks like interracial trust has taken a dive as well. Silicon Valley encourages innovations but only technological ones.

Satya Nadella, the CEO of Microsoft, at the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing in Arizona on Oct 9, 2014, blithely went on a collision course while speaking about gender pay gap. He said that women should not ask for a raise but rely on their “karma” to be rewarded in a system that pays women 78% as much as men. “It’s not really about asking for the raise but knowing and having faith that the system will actually give you the right raises as you go along. And that, I think, might be one of the additional superpowers that, quite frankly, women who don’t ask for raises have. Because that’s good karma. It’ll come back. Because somebody’s going to know: ‘That’s the kind of person that I want to trust. That’s the kind of person that I want to really give more responsibility to.’ And in the long-term efficiency, things catch up.”

Nadella has since glibly apologized for his remarks and is scheduled to go back to speak at the Hopper Conference next year. Why does he get a second chance?

What is extremely disturbing is the chauvinism of immigrants.  One would think that success in an adopted country comes with incredible personal sacrifices and an awareness of one’s limitations which should foster humility rather than arrogance.

Companies that can make a difference

Certainly, entitlement and sexism are not the right products of such struggles. Why are these companies not being more proactive about addressing gender gap issues in employment and pay?

Newman in her article quotes George J. Leonard, a professor at San Francisco State University–“Confucius says, ‘Of course you want to be rich and famous…It’s natural. Wealth and fame are what every man desires.’ But Confucius understood that there is a moral decision too, and sooner or later an accounting begins.

Now is a good time for the accounting to begin.

Something Wicked This Way Comes

Loss of innocent lives.  Again.  This time 20 elementary school children were killed by a mad gunman with assault rifles in Newtown, Connecticut.  White House Press Secretary Jay Carney, however, was adamant that today was not the day to talk about gun control.  And I thought, here is another episode about to be swept under the rug.  We seem to be needing larger rugs and bigger brooms.  President Obama talked about these episodes happening too often and promised “meaningful actions” (regardless of politics) as he wiped tears from his eyes.  Will more candlelight vigils and broken hearts lead to strict gun control laws?  Nah. My thumbs continue to prick.

Palestine –Conception?

Mahmoud Abbas

138 countries voted on Thursday   (November 29, 2012) to upgrade Palestine to a “nonmember observer state” of the United Nations. 9 countries voted against this move and 41 countries abstained from voting.  While the vote does little to bring Palestine closer to statehood, it does give Palestine access to international legal forums to challenge Israel on its activities in West Bank.  This also reveals the world’s growing sympathy towards the cause of Palestine. However, not much change is expected because of this announcement.  Hamas and Fatah have their fundamental differences.  A spokesman for Hamas said recently, “We do not recognize Israel, nor the partition of Palestine, and Israel has no right in Palestine…Getting our membership in the U.N. bodies is our natural right, but without giving up any inch of Palestine’s soil.” Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, however, is willing to pursue the two states UN Partition Plan of 1947, but will not open negotiations with Prime Minister Netanyahu while Israel is trying to develop the region of the West Bank.  The US stand on Palestine has to undergo a metamorphosis. Rula Jebreal, of the Daily Beast writes, “The question that the US must ask is whether  it wants to empower moderates or the more violent Palestinian factions.  The status quo will only help Hamas and other extremist groups, and demonstrates the dysfunction and the double standards of American foreign policy in the region”. (11/29/2012)  The US cannot promote cease-fire/truce as it did a week ago or curb the influence of Hamas in the region without acknowledging need for negotiations between Fatah and Israel.

Who Shot JR ? Larry Hagman (1931-2012)

Larry Hagman, the actor who played J.R. Ewing on the television series “Dallas” died of complications due to cancer at the age of 81.  Last year, I bought the entire series on DVDs and had a grand time watching them.  Here is a sample of his acting:

He also acted in another hit series “I Dream of Jeannie” with Barbara Eden.  His staid, uncomplicated  character as the astronaut Major Anthony Nelson was endearing but as the Texas millionaire with  wicked, wicked ways, he created a character viewers loved to hate.  “I really can’t remember half of the people I’ve slept with, stabbed in the back or driven to suicide,” Hagman said of his character. 

Emergence of a New Breed of Voter

Obama’s win is significant as it celebrates the importance of a new kind of citizen—a global intellectual, who sees himself in relation to his community and environment, recognizing equality of all, and valuing the effort of his fellow human beings. This citizen has distanced himself from the society the Republicans represent that seems utterly male-dominated, with values that are outdated and totally uncompromising, sanctimonious and indifferent to the needs of non-whites. The ethnic composition of the American population is constantly changing; that is what makes this country unique. This is the only President who recognized this fact, judging by the cultural diversity of his campaign volunteers. In fact, nobody who owns a computer these days, conducts business on it, communicates with different parts of the world and exploits the information he receives has any right now to regard himself racially superior or to even claim gender superiority. 

The Republican candidate for the Senate in the State of Missouri, Todd Akin’s comment on “legitimate rape” reveals an appalling ignorance, an inexcusable insensitivity and gross callousness. EMILY’S List, an organization dedicated to electing pro-choice Democratic women to political office, was spurred into action by this comment.  They supported the rival candidate Claire McCaskill, spending over $255,000 on her campaign, and led her to victory.  The organization’s mission is to “continually make investments to help women develop political skills and cultivate resources so that we can bring more women into politics and elected office. Only then can we build a lasting progressive majority dedicated to social justice, civil rights, diversity, economic reform and compassion—and construct a society that values the contributions of all of its citizens.” The Republican landscape is not palatable any more.  Their priorities do not reflect a changing world. They are stuck on abortion, religion and marriage every election year. People came to this country to practice their religion without fear of persecution. Yet they force Christian values on others, find it hard to separate Church from the State and impose outrageous restrictions on women seeking abortion. Their pro-life arguments are based on religious reasons, namely that killing of the fetus is the killing of a sentient life.  It is hypocritical of them, in that case, to promote guns, and the killing of 90,000 cows every single day. 

Martha C. Nussbaum in her article “Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism” (Boston Review, Oct/Nov, 1994) argues, “The American student must learn to recognize humanity wherever she encounters it and be eager to understand humanity in its ‘strange’ guises.” Since the place of birth is but an accident, “we should not allow differences of nationality or class or ethnic membership or even gender to erect barriers between us and our fellow human beings.  We should recognize humanity wherever it occurs and give its fundamental ingredients, reason and moral capacity, our first allegiance and respect.” This extends to illegal immigrants in this country. Politics and compassion seem strange bedfellows. Arizona’s Republican Governor Jan Brewer denied drivers licenses and other benefits to illegal immigrants who could take advantage of President Obama’s ‘deferred action” immigration policy.  The President won 75% of the Latino vote last night. Elise Foley of The Huffington Post reports that, “Immigration isn’t the top issue for most—jobs and the economy rank higher—but it remains an important one, and for many Latino voters it’s something of a litmus test.  If a politician seems to disrespect immigrants or Latinos overall, or if the party seems uninterested in winning their votes, the support isn’t going to come.  This year, it didn’t.”  Although Romney won the State of Arizona, he faced intense opposition from the Latino voters.  

Presidential candidates must express their concern for social development as much as their concern for economic development.  The nature of the family unit has changed, lifestyles have changed, and gender roles have been redefined. How do we understand these trends without a solid foundation of education?  Mitt Romney has been particularly silent on the subject of educational reform.  NEA(National Education Association) President Dennis Van Roekel told The Huffington Post that, “education is key to the nation’s success and helping us solidify the economic recovery of the last few years.” Van Roekel said, “President Obama gets that, it’s why he’s supported education programs from early childhood through making college more affordable. Mitt Romney just doesn’t get that true education reform takes all stakeholders — educators, parents, and community — working together for students. Being divisive and providing kids with only the education they can afford hurts all of us in the end.”  Recognizing the need for reform is the job of the public service official.  He represents the people, and steps in when there is a pressing need for interference. Instead, Romney saw government intervention as an opportunity for the poor people to behave like victims and not take responsibility for their lives: “These are people who pay no income tax.  Forty-seven percent of Americans pay no income tax. So our message of low taxes doesn’t connect. So he’ll be there talking about tax cuts for the rich. I mean, that is what they sell every four years. And so my job is not to worry about those people. I’ll never convince them they should take personal responsibility and care for their lives.”

What ultimately happened was Romney did not convince them to vote for him.  The thinking man rejected him.  A new breed of voter has emerged.  He is the world citizen who craves economic stability but respects human dignity more.

Yay Governor Christie!

Republicans have finally accepted the role of Government in our daily lives.  At least, the Republican Governor of New Jersey, Chris Christie has.  Here he is, grateful to President Obama for his support in the wake of Hurricane Sandy disaster.  Snubbing Fox host Steve Doocy in an interview recently when asked if he would tour the disaster areas with Mitt Romney, Christie declared, “I have no idea, nor am I the least bit concerned or interested.  I’ve a job to do here in New Jersey that’s much bigger than presidential politics and I could care less about any of that stuff.  I’ve got 2.4 million people out of power.  I’ve got devastation on the Shore. I’ve got floods in the northern part of my state.  If you think right now I give a damn about presidential politics, then you don’t know me.”

Trees are down, damaging power lines.  There are still 1.7 million homes without power and I have no hope of getting it within the next week. There is also a gas shortage.  However, President Obama has taken steps to provide immediate disaster relief.  Kudos to Governor Christie for putting aside partisan politics and taking care of NJ in distress.  

The Girl Child and Malala Yousafzai’s Crusade

October 11, 2012 was the first International Day of the Girl Child.

This day was marked to focus attention on the challenges the girl child faces, the need for her social and economic development and the need to empower her through education and equal rights with men.

The Executive Directors of UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund), UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) and UN Women issued a joint statement that outlined the goal for this year. “This year we have come together to focus on child marriage.”  To achieve this, the directors made a plea to all governments to do the following:

We call on governments, civil society organizations, the private sector, faith-based groups and the international community to accelerate efforts to:

  • Enforce legislation to increase the minimum age of marriage for girls to 18;
  • Improve equal access to quality primary and secondary education;
  • Mobilize girls, boys, parents and leaders to change discriminatory gender norms and create alternative social, economic and civic opportunities for girls;
  • Support girls who are already married by providing them with options for schooling, sexual and reproductive health information and services, including HIV prevention, livelihoods skills and recourse from violence in the home;
  • Address the root causes of child marriage, including violence against girls and women.

It is regrettable that women in underdeveloped countries face these challenges alone and are suppressed mercilessly with threats/acts of extreme physical violence. Malala Yousafzai 14, and a tireless advocate of girls’ education since she was 11, was shot in her head and neck by Taliban gunmen as she was going back home from school on October 9. She was targeted because she spoke her mind about the ban on girl’s education in the once Taliban-occupied Pakistan and for criticizing the militant group. The Taliban considers Malala’s crusade for educational rights for girls an obscenity and a propagation of undesirable western values.  Laura Bush, our former First Lady, expressed the urgency for the creation of an environment in which girls can grow and blossom.

For a brief history of Malala’s struggles in the Swat Valley, Pakistan, watch this video.  I warn, however, that there is some graphic content in it:

Pakistani Prime Minister Raja Parvez Ashraf assured his support to Malala’s family and said:

“Today we have gathered here to pay tribute to the bravery and courage of Malala Yousafzai. The nation stands united in condemning the brutality and degradation of those who perpetrated this crime and the poisoned mindset that seeks to destroy the soul of our nation. The attack on Malala is not a crime against the individual. It is a crime against humanity. An attack on our moral and social values.”

The youth today, the world over, is articulate, assertive and fearless.  We have seen revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt and Syria which were initiated by the new, thinking generation. We need to have faith in their ability to change the world for the better. However, it has always been difficult for women to organize themselves into a cohesive group due to their isolation, family and religious backgrounds, sheltered upbringing, and social stratification. In short, girls/women come with certain pre-existing conditions that deny them insurance for a happy, healthy life. It is extremely rare that girls like Malala come out and speak up for the cause of all women.  Malala Zindabad.

Not Even the Chair

I was listening to Neil Diamond’s “I am…I said”, and he sings:

“I am, I said

The Invisible Man

To no one there
And no one heard at all
Not even the chair.”  

Doesn’t this remind one of Clint Eastwood at the GOP convention?

“Trouble with the Curve”, his latest movie, is also full of scenes where he conducts deep, philosophical “conversations” with inanimate objects–a tombstone, a photograph…

What does this trend –of talking to no one in particular—signify?  That Republicans cannot relate to anybody,  are happy talking to those that cannot talk back, and that they never feel the need to justify their actions…

Agra: Home to Beauty and the Beast

Given a choice between Jaipur and Agra, I always choose to visit Agra.  Cannot get enough of the Taj Mahal.  I was surprised to discover this time that there are other monuments to visit there! 

There are a few things that inspired me to write this post.  First, the Yamuna Expressway–a recently inaugurated 165.5 km long, 6 lane highway from Greater Noida to Agra guaranteed to cut travel time from Delhi to Agra by 3 hours.  The expressway is a marvel in itself and was built at considerable expense and sacrifice.  “In 2010 and 2011, the Yamuna Expressway, previously called the Taj Expressway, had become synonymous with farmers’ politics in western Uttar Pradesh as farmers launched an agitation demanding more compensation for the land they sacrificed for the project.  The long drawn agitation spread across Gautam Buddha Nagar, Aligarh and Agra Districts, with Tappal, Jikarpur and Bhatta Parsaul emerging as the nerve centres of the agitation.”  (The Hindu, 8/10/2012).  In Feb.2011, the agitation had led to police firing in which half a dozen people were killed.  The expressway cost close to $2.3 billion.

On the day that we traveled to Agra from Delhi, everyone and his grandmother was on the expressway. They were traveling in groups, stopping now and then on the shoulder of the highway, getting off their cars to lean against the railings and take photographs.  Not only was our arrival delayed, but we also had to stand in long lines everywhere in the sweltering heat.  I understand Agra ran out of food that day!! Somehow we managed the heat, the hunger and the crowd and gaped at the Taj Mahal, which brings me to my second point:

The Taj Mahal is yellowing.  Quite visibly.   It is terrible because even I could make that out. It’s not a good feeling to recognize that the yellowing has occurred only in the last 50 years or so, in my lifetime.  I hope the Indian government and UNESCO can take care of it so the structure can last at least another 500 years. “The coloring was blamed on high levels of “suspended particulate matter”–or tiny granules of dirt in the air—generally caused by burning fossil fuels and dust.  The deposition of SPM on the shimmering white marble of the Taj Mahal imparts yellow tinge to the marble surface.”(USA Today: 5/15/2007).  Maybe all it needs is a mudpack.  The Parliamentary committee on transport, tourism and culture, suggested a clay pack treatment that is non-corrosive and non-abrasive be carried out to remove deposits on the marble.  “The committee recommends that while undertaking any conservation activity at the Taj Mahal, abundant cautions should be taken to retain the original glory of the shimmering white marble used in this.(Reuters: 5/15/2007)  It is not just the yellowing of the Taj Mahal that is depressing.  Tourists just will not follow instructions not to photograph, or  touch objects.  They are clicking away merrily  on their cellphones, their cameras and leaning on the walls, touching everything with their sweaty bodies and palms, defacing the marble structure.  I had to yell at tourists to get off the black onyx throne (on which they were posing for pictures), at the Agra fort; an apathetic armed guard was standing right next to them. There were just too many tourists and not enough security or maintenance.  One most peculiar thing about Indian tourism is that Indians have to pay a much lower entrance fee to monuments than the foreign nationals.  I think if the government upped the price of tickets for the Indian nationals and imposed heavy fines for transgressions, we might see a little improvement in the treatment of these monuments.

The condition of Agra city itself is appalling. 

“Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:
     (Jabberwocky by Lewis Carroll, from Through the looking Glass and what Alice found there, 1872)   
Reminds me of Agra’s drains.
The open, smelly  drains, the stagnant rain water puddles, the floating trash and dirty streets do not inspire an overnight stay there.  

According to A Detailed Project Report (Revised) for Solid Waste Management in Agra, Uttar Pradesh  prepared by Regional Centre for Urban & Environmental Studies (Estd. by Ministry of Urban Development), 
Government of India, Adjacent Registrar’s Office, 
University of Lucknow, Lucknow:

  • The existing state of the open dumps in the city, road side dumps, clogged nallahs reflect the inefficiency of the present system. The safai karamcharis also dump the drain silt and waste at open dumps. 
  • There is a lack of awareness among city residents  and civic authorities. 
  • Awareness for segregation of waste  at source was very low and no segregation of waste was practiced at source 
  • Primary collection of solid waste was not appropriate. There was only limited door to door collection of waste. 
  • Secondary storage of solid waste is unorganized and  efficient. The dustbins were broken or rusted. There were no  closed dhallaos and main collection points were all open dumps. Animals strayed on open dumps, collection bins overflowed and waste collection appeared to be poor. There was no marking for segregation of waste into separate bins. 
  • Solid waste is transported in open vehicles like tipper trucks. Safai karamcharis involved in this activity do not use any personal protection equipment (PPE) for their protection.
  •  Slaughter house waste is mixed with  the MSW. 
  • Biomedical waste is not managed properly in all health care facilities.  Collection and disposal of construction waste is not appropriate. In EWS and LIG houses it is mixed with household waste 
  • Disposal of solid waste  is not appropriate as waste was being thrown at unauthorized dump yards. 
Jeremy Woodhouse

Actually, considering a picture is worth a thousand words–let me give you 3,000 words worth. 25,2009)

I did take pictures but they were mostly of the beautiful marble edifice.  I really could not bring myself to record this ugliness. I borrowed these pictures from other websites.

Agra garbage

Taj Mahal alone earned over $205 million in entrance fees last year.  I wonder why the city cannot spend some of it on an urban clean-up. After all, it ‘attracts’ millions of tourists from all over the world.